Overview of Cambodia

Overview

Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline. Phnom Penh, its capital, is home to the art deco Central Market, glittering Royal Palace and the National Museum's historical and archaeological exhibits. In the country's northwest are the ruins of Angkor Wat, a massive stone temple complex built during the Khmer Empire.

Overview of Cambodia

The official named is Kingdom of Cambodia located in the south of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. The country was blessed with diverse flora and fauna which are typical for the tropics. Its long-lasting history is also the attractions which are waiting tourists to discover.

Undoubtedly Cambodia's main attractions are the magnificent Angkor temples, both in scale and beauty, but there is much more on offer than its famous cultural sites. As well as the impressive grandeur of the ancient capital, Cambodia has beauty scattered into thousand facets through the Kingdom. Visitors can cruise down the Mekong and tributary rivers, go trekking in remote areas and relax on deserted beaches.

From the old history Cambodia is benefiting from two decades of relative stability, having endured civil war and the murderous rule of the Khmer Rouge. Its shares borders with Vietnam to the east, Laos to the north, Thailand to the west, the ocean coast to the southwest and covering 20 provinces and 4 municipals.

Since the last national election, a new era of peace and political stability has taking root in the country. Opportunities are now available to discover the deepest heart of the Kingdom, travelling in little known areas and understanding more about the Angkor civilization.

Tourism is one of the main industries in the Kingdom of Cambodia and strong efforts are being made to promote the country as a unique destination, rich in diversity with a fascinating cultural heritage.

Cambodia Population

As of 1 January 2016, the population of Cambodia was estimated to be 15 703 820 people. This is an increase of 1.62 % (250 802 people)    compared to population of 15 453 018 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 281 709. Due to external migration, the population declined by 30 906.    The sex ratio of the total population was 0.959 (959 males per 1 000 females)    which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Cambodia population in 2015:

  • 379 063 live births
  • 97 354 deaths
  • Natural increase: 281 709 people
  • Net migration: -30 906 people
  • 7 687 291 males as of 31 December 2015
  • 8 016 529 females as of 31 December 2015

When to go in Cambodia

Cambodia can be visited at any time of year. The ideal months are December and January, when humidity levels are relatively low, there is little rainfall and a cooling breeze whips across the land, but this is also peak season when the majority of visitors descend on the country.
From early February temperatures keep rising until the killer month, April, when the mercury often exceeds 40°C. Some time in May or June, the southwestern monsoon brings rain and high humidity, cooking up a sweat for all but the hardiest of visitors. The wet season, which lasts until October, isn’t such a bad time to visit, as the rain tends to come in short, sharp downpours. Angkor is surrounded by lush foliage and the moats are full of water at this time of year. If you are planning to visit isolated areas, however, the wet season makes for tough travel.
Some visitors like to coordinate their trip with one of the annual festivals, such as Bon Om Tuk or Khmer New Year.

Summary of Cambodia Climates

  • Dry season runs from November to April on the back of the northeast monsoon. November to January are cooler while February to April are hot and dusty. November is the coolest month, April the hottest.
  • Wet season runs from May to October courtesy of the southwest monsoon. Wet season brings some 75% of Cambodia's annual rainfall. July to September are the wettest months.

Map of Cambodia

Map of Cambodia

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